Welcome to Guitar Online Guitar chord page!  We created this page to help guitar players of all levels.  If you’re just beginning guitar we recommend that you start reading this page from the beginning.  If you’re an intermediate or advanced guitar player feel free to bounce around and read what interests you.  We’re always open to ideas and comments so always feel free to drop us a line!

Guitar chords are a group of three or more “different” notes that are played simultaneously. For reference, a single note would be a scale tone, while two notes played at the same time could be called an interval.  When you play three “different” notes at a time we can either call the group of notes a guitar chord or a triad.  When you play the three guitar notes individually (one after another) we call it an arpeggio.

Let’s talk a little about some basic guitar chord theory before we jump in and start learning guitar chords.  If you get confused, just take your time and read through carefully.  Make sure you click on the links of terms that you don’t know.  If you get too confused jump ahead and start to learn to “play” some chords.  Then come back to this page when your ready!

Here we go with our chord theory.

Major Chords – A major chord is made up of the 1st, 3rd and 5th scale tones (or degrees) in a Major scale.  The first note is called the tonic or root note.  While the 3rd note is called a Major 3rd.  The 5th scale note is the 5th degree and is called a major 5th.  So here’s a list of the common major guitar chords and the notes that they contain.

Common Major guitar chords and the notes that they contain.

C Major          –  C E G

C#/Db Major           F Major – F A C               B Major

D Major –  D F# A          G Major – G B d

E Major –                         A Major – A C# E

Minor  Chords – A minor chord is made up of the 1st, (flat) 3rd and 5th scale tones (or degrees) in a Major scale.  The first note is called the tonic or root note.  While the (flat) 3rd note is called a minor 3rd or flat 3rd.  The 5th scale note is the 5th degree and is called a major 5th.  Note that the only note that changes is the 3rd.

Common Minor guitar chords and the notes that they contain.

C Major          –  C E G

C#/Db Major           F Major – F A C               B Major

D Major –  D F# A          G Major – G B d

E Major –                         A Major – A C# E

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Diminished  Chords – A minor chord is made up of the 1st, (flat) 3rd and (flat) 5th scale tone (or degree) in a Major scale.  The first note is called the tonic or root note.  While the (flat) 3rd note is called a minor 3rd or flat 3rd.  The flat 5 scale note is the “flatted” 5th degree and is called a diminished 5th.  Note that the only note that changes is the 3rd.

Common Diminished guitar chords and the notes that they contain.

C Major          –  C E G

C#/Db Major           F Major – F A C               B Major

D Major –  D F# A          G Major – G B d

E Major –                         A Major – A C# E

 

Augmented  Chords – A minor chord is made up of the 1st, 3rd and (sharp) 5th scale tone (or degree) in a Major scale.  The first note is called the tonic or root note.  While the 3rd note is called a major 3rd.  The augmented 5 scale note is the “sharp” 5th degree and is called an augmented 5th.  Note that the only note that changes is the 5th degree tone.

Common Augmented  guitar chords and the notes that they contain.

C Major          –  C E G

C#/Db Major           F Major – F A C               B Major

D Major –  D F# A          G Major – G B d

E Major –                         A Major – A C# E

 

If you’ve been able to read through the different chords and can understand.  Congratulations as your well on your way to learning the guitar.  OK, let’s now take a look at some open guitar chords.